Triple Talaq: India Is Banning Muslims From Insta-divorcing Their Wives

The Indian government on Thursday (December 28) introduced a bill in parliament aimed at prosecuting Muslim men who divorce their wives through the "triple talaq" instant divorce method, which women complain violates their right to equality.

In August, the Supreme Court ruled as unconstitutional the practice of Muslim men divorcing their wives simply by uttering the word "talaq" three times.

Muslim women had petitioned the court, arguing the practice of husbands divorcing them through "triple talaq," including by Skype and WhatsApp, not only violated their rights but left many women destitute.

Indian Parliament
The Indian parliament building in New Delhi, India June 30, 2017. Adnan Abidi/Reuters

"Only a law can explicitly ban triple talaq, we have to enforce legal procedures to provide allowance and protect custody of children," said Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad.

The bill will make the practice a non-bailable offense with a possible three-year jail term. On Thursday it passed the Lok Shaba, India's lower house, and will now be tabled in the Rajya Sabha, or upper house, where it is expected to meet with little resistance, according to The Times of India.

Muslims are the biggest religious minority in Hindu-majority India and relations between the communities have been occasionally strained since Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Hindu-nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party won a 2014 election.

India is one of the few countries where the practice of instant divorce has survived and some Muslim groups have said that while it was wrong, the law should be reviewed by the community itself.

Members of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board said the government had no right to outlaw instant triple talaq, as it was directly interfering with the Muslim personal law.

India's civil codes are designed to protect the independence of religious communities. Unlike most Hindu civil laws, which have been codified and reformed, Muslim personal laws have largely been left untouched.

Zakia Soman, founder of a Muslim women's group, the Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, said once triple talaq becomes a legal offense, victims could approach the police and the legal system to initiate action against offenders.